Preview • iPhone XS is the new $1,000 iPhone X $999 Qualcomm gives us a glimpse of our future in 5G See It Comments See also Boost Mobile See it Irwin Jacobs, Qualcomm co-founder, took the stand in his company’s defense Tuesday. Vicki Behringer The smartphones we have today wouldn’t be possible without Qualcomm. Or at least that’s what the chip giant sought to show Tuesday during a trial instigated by the US Federal Trade Commission.The two have been battling in a San Jose, California, courtroom since Jan. 4. On Tuesday afternoon, the FTC wrapped up its case against the company. The agency has accused Qualcomm of operating a monopoly in wireless chips, forcing customers like Apple to work with it exclusively and charging excessive licensing fees for its technology.Tuesday marked Qualcomm’s first chance to present its own case. The company says the FTC’s lawsuit is based on “flawed legal theory.” It also has said that customers choose its chips because they’re the best and that it has never stopped providing processors to customers, even when they’re battling over licenses. Aug 31 • Best places to sell your used electronics in 2019 Apple Now playing: Watch this: Mentioned Above Apple iPhone XS (64GB, space gray) Share your voice The company called to the stand a co-founder, Irwin Jacobs, and the senior vice president in charge of its 4G and 5G operations, Durga Malladi, to talk up Qualcomm’s innovations in wireless technology. Jacobs, considered one of the pioneers in mobile communications technology, testified about the early years of Qualcomm. The idea to use code division multiple access (CDMA) technology for phones came to him while driving in San Diego, he said, and the company outfitted a fan with the technology to demonstrate how it could work. Qualcomm decided to start licensing its technology to get enough funding to do more research and development on CDMA, Jacobs said. The first licensee was AT&T, followed by Motorola, Nokia and others. Qualcomm charged an upfront fee and then royalties based on sales of CDMA devices. Sprint CNET may get a commission from retail offers. Apple iPhone XS • “Everything was negotiated,” Jacobs said. “We [wanted] something low enough that it did not impede progress should this become a commercial product. We wanted to see this used as broadly as possible worldwide.”The voice networks of US wireless carriers still use either CDMA or GSM, two fundamentally different technologies. Sprint and Verizon use CDMA, while AT&T and T-Mobile, along with most of the rest of the world, use GSM. Qualcomm holds most of the important patents related to CDMA, and the technology eventually enabled 3G networks that could also deliver data. “The industry began to realize it was important to provide mobile internet access, data communications,” Jacobs testified. “Essentially all third-generation [network technology] is based on CDMA.”Licensing battleThe FTC, aided by chipmaker Intel and iPhone vendor Apple, filed suit against Qualcomm two years ago. The US says Qualcomm has a monopoly on modem chips and harmed competition by trying to maintain its power. Qualcomm’s “excessive” royalty rates prevented rivals from entering the market, drove up the cost of phones and in turn hurt consumers, who faced higher handset prices, the FTC said. The FTC in the trial has called witnesses from companies like Apple, Samsung, Intel and Huawei and called experts to testify about the alleged harm Qualcomm’s licensing practices have caused the mobile industry. The trial has revealed the inner workings of tech’s most important business, smartphones, showing how suppliers wrestle for dominance and profit.Carl Shapiro, a professor at the University of California in Berkeley and an expert witness for the FTC, testified Tuesday that while Qualcomm is an innovator, that doesn’t mean it can’t also be a monopoly.”Qualcomm should be commended for its technological achievements,” Shapiro said. “But … what’s really important is that companies who aren’t quite as good or who don’t have the scale are not impeded from trying to catch and threaten and challenge the leader.”Durga Malladi, Qualcomm senior vice president of 4G and 5G, testified Tuesday about the research his company does in wireless technology. Vicki Behringer He testified that Qualcomm is using its market power and its monopoly power over chips to extract an “unusually high amount” for royalties for patents. That raises the cost for rivals, weakens them as competitors and fortifies Qualcomm’s monopoly power, Shapiro said. Qualcomm has argued that its broad patent portfolio and innovations justify its fees. CEO Steve Mollenkopf, who took the stand Friday, defended the company’s licensing practices, saying the way his company sells chips to smartphone makers is best for everybody involved.Malladi, testifying on Qualcomm’s behalf Tuesday, stressed the patents and innovation Qualcomm has related to 3G, 4G and 5G mobile technology. For instance, as of March 2018 — the cutoff for evidence related to the trial — Qualcomm was the only company capable of making a processor for millimeter wave 5G networks. The technology allows the superfast speeds of 5G but can travel only short distances and has trouble with impediments like trees or walls. Qualcomm has worked on technology to solve those problems for phones this year to run on millimeter wave networks from Verizon and AT&T. “We are interested in moving the needle quite significantly when it comes to a lot of the communications problems we want to solve,” Malladi said. NASA turns 60: The space agency has taken humanity farther than anyone else, and it has plans to go further.Taking It to Extremes: Mix insane situations — erupting volcanoes, nuclear meltdowns, 30-foot waves — with everyday tech. Here’s what happens. reading • Qualcomm kicks off defense in FTC trial by showing its mobile chip prowess 12 Review • iPhone XS review, updated: A few luxury upgrades over the XR Best Buy $999 Sep 1 • iPhone 11, Apple Watch 5 and more: The final rumors Tags $999 Mobile Components Tech Industry Phones Aug 31 • Your phone screen is gross. 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Capital’s music enthusiasts got together to pay a tribute to the yesteryears singing sensation Geeta Dutt on her 41st Death Anniversary at Kamani Auditorium in New Delhi. Team Svarpana, a Delhi-based group of 10 classically-trained, passionate music enthusiasts of all age groups and walks of life. Pawan Naidu, the fountainhead for the group designed this very presentation weaving the great singers’ story alongwith her songs. The rather melancholic life that she lead with untold events that marked her career and personal journey. The evening titled Geeta Dutt…Aik Adhoora Sapna will have 17 ever green, joyful and melancholic songs of the veteran including Ai Dil Muje Bata De, Babuji, dheere chalna, Koi Chupke se aake, Na jao saiyya, Mera sundar Sapna beet gaya, Vaqt ne kiya, Janoo Janoo Re, Meri jaan. These songs will be sung mainly by Shetal accompanied by Jyoti and Stuti in duets – all classically trained singers. Also Read – ‘Playing Jojo was emotionally exhausting’When asked why a tribute to Geeta Dutt, Pawan replied ‘because no one remembers her,’ he has devoted 25 years to present a ‘no nonsense live concert of Geeta Dutt by a solo artist to make his dream come true. Who remembers that this week on July 20th was Geeta Dutt’s death anniversary?,’ he asks adding that they had been paying tribute to her every year since 2007 to packed houses across the country. ‘We have taken special care that the songs have same expressions as she would ingrain in her intoxicating voice. Since she was not deeply trained in classical, expressions dominated most of her songs which struck the right chord with all and sundry, everyone could sing her songs.’ Also Read – Leslie doing new comedy special with NetflixAdds Shetal, the lead vocalist for evening, ‘I read in Geeta Dutt’s blog maintained by her daughter in which she says that ‘no one pays tribute to my mother’ so she had prepared Pal a music CD dedicated to her some time ago. We are trying to contact her to say that we have not forgotten her.’The evening is called Aik Adhoora Sapna to indicate at the loneliness the versatile singer lived almost all through her life. Says Mr. Naidu, ‘Geeta Ghosh Roy Chowdhury, a highly qualified woman hailing from an aristocratic zamindar family of Faridpur (before Partition) was at the peak of her career when she married Guru Dutt to become Geeta Dutt – then a struggling assistant to different directors. Dutt hailed from a Saraswat Brahman family and their union was a taboo affair in their families.’He adds, ‘If a person of Guru Dutt’s sensibilities could fall for Geeta Dutt, she must have had some tremendous qualities, yet he could not sustain respect for this relationship. He fell for Wahida Rehman, and Geeta was left alone’.